Sortix is a small self-hosting operating-system aiming to be a clean and modern POSIX implementation.
It is a hobbyist operating system written from scratch with its own base system, including kernel and standard library, as well as ports of third party software. It has a straightforward installer and can be developed under itself. Releases come with the source code in /src, ready for tinkering.
It has been in development since February 08 2011 by a single developer and contributors. Though the system is stable and capable right now, it is still early in development, and a number of crucial features haven't been made yet. Releases are made yearly and future releases will add features such as networking, SMP, and USB that were skipped in favor of becoming self-hosting now.
Sortix 1.0 was released in March 2016. Its goal is to be an self-hosting system, installable on virtual machines and real hardware alike, to inspire confidence in the system and be a base for future growth.
Sortix is free software licensed under the ISC license.
- Available for 32-bit and 64-bit x86 systems.
- Installable and self-hosting.
- Command-line environment with many standard programs.
- Coherently designed base system written from scratch.
- Kernel written from scratch.
- libc written from scratch.
- Manual pages.
- ATA and AHCI harddisk drivers.
- Includes system source code.
- Development tools such as gcc and make.
- ext2 filesystem.
- Partition editor with MBR and GPT support.
- Sortix libz, a clean fork of zlib.
- Works well in virtual machines.
- Games such as asteroids.
- Ports of over 50 third party libraries and programs.
- This release was built under itself.
This release also comes with third party ports such as binutils, bison, bochs, bzip2, e2fsprogs, flex, dash, diffutils, gawk, gcc, git, grep, grub, gzip, make, mdocml, nasm, parted, python, patch, sed, tar, xorriso, xz, as well as a large number of libraries and other programs.
It is important to understand what limitations Sortix currently has. These areas are being worked on and will be in future releases.
- No desktop environment with a graphical user interface.
- The system is not to be considered secure in a multi-user configuration.
- No support for networking (except Unix sockets).
- No support for USB or CDROMs.
- No support for symmetric multiprocessing.
- No support for power saving on idle.
- The system has a single console.
- The manual pages only partially document Sortix specifics.
- No third party text editors.
- No dynamic linking.
- No graphics drivers (graphics only if bootloader support).
- No sound drivers.
Nonetheless, the underlying system is surprisingly capable and the lead developer dual boots it on his desktop and laptop. It's not yet preferable to develop it under itself, but thanks to the dogfooding method, the system is stable and attention has been paid to the small things.
Sortix is developed by Jonas 'Sortie' Termansen.
Sortix is written in C with a C++ kernel. It has a monolithic kernel and uses the System V ABI. It has its own system call ABI. ext2 is implemented as an user-space filesystem but will be moved to a kernel driver in the next release. This release contains NetBSD's libm but will be replaced by musl's libm in the next release. The kernel is fully multi-threaded with 1:1 preemptive scheduling, where only interrupt handlers run with interrupts disabled.
The operating system implements primarily modern POSIX interfaces, while refusing to implement obsolete or troublesome interfaces unless the compatibility constraints are overwhelming. Poor third party code tend to not compile which draw attention to it and is an opportunity to fix it. Standards are embraced and not deviated from without good reason. The lack of compatibility constraints compared to other operating systems makes it possible to make a cleaner implementation.
The system is halfway through becoming multi-user and while security vulnerabilities are recognized as bugs, it should be considered insecure at this time.
The Sortix 1.0 release has 169k lines of source code (released 28 Mar 2016), version 0.9 had 144k lines of source code (released 30 Dec 2014), version 0.8 had 117k lines of source code (released 19 Dec 2013), version 0.7 had 43k lines of source code (released 10 Sep 2012), version 0.6 had 30k lines of source code (released 18 Mar 2012), version 0.5 had 23k lines of source code (released 06 Dec 2011), version 0.4 had 16k lines of source code (released 08 Sep 2011), and version 0.3 had 8k lines of source code (released 28 May 2011). Development of Sortix began around 8 Feb 2011. These counts don't include the ports collection, but as of Sortix 0.8, it does count the netbsd libm which is 28k lines.
The #sortix IRC channel on libera.chat is a community where you can get support and where development is coordinated. Please feel free to drop by to show your support.
Bugs can be filed at the issue tracker. Please feel free to submit pull requests here as well as reproducible bugs. If uncertain, ask on IRC or send a quick email.